From Florida State University’s the “Science U” section:
1950’s to Present
A. Three important studies provide links between smoking and lung cancer:
1. On May 27, 1950 Journal of the American Medical Association: publishes first major study
2. In same issue, “Tobacco Smoking as a Possible Etiologic Factor in Bronchiogenic Carcinoma: A Study of 684 Proved Cases,” by Ernst L. Wynder and Evarts A. Graham is published.
3. A Sept 30 British Medical Journal, study by Richard Doll and Bradford Hill reports that heavy smokers fifty times as likely as nonsmokers to contract lung cancer
B. P. Lorillard introduces Kent cigarettes, with an asbestos filter. 1952
C. Dr. Ernst Wynder paints tar on mice backs and causes cancer—first definitive biological link in 1953.
D. 1954 Phillip Morris hires David Hardy to defend against law suit by Missouri smoker who lost larynx to cancer in 1954. Same year, Marlboro man created and advertised as “Delivers the Goods on Flavor”
E. “See It Now”—CBS—First television show on tobacco in 1955, which resulted in TIRC Tobacco Industry Research Committee
F. First Surgeon Generals report: Smoking and Health in 1964.
G. Marlboro Country ad campaign launched in 1964 as “Come to where the flavor is. Come to Marlboro country. Marlboro sales grow at 10% per year in 1964.
H. Women allowed to roll cigars in Cuban factories in 1960’s
I. Phillip Morris controls Miller Brewing Co. in 1969.
J. Surgeon General confirms link between maternal smoking and low birth weight in 1969.
K. RJ Reynolds Tobacco becomes RJ Reynolds Industries, Inc. in 1970.
L. TV ads for tobacco products banned in 1971
M. 1971 Cigarette companies begin sponsoring major sports events.
1. NASCAR’s Winston Cup series
2. Virginia Slims Tennis
I wonder what a much older Don Draper would have to say when he found out there would be no more cigarette ads on TV…
Read the remainder of the 20th C. timeline as well as significant events dating back to 6000 B.C.
The Florida State University Research Foundation has an excellent section on their website for Tobacco Education called Science Tobacco & You. There’s a Hangman game that threatens you with tobacco tar instead of a noose. In the teacher’s edition of the timeline are highlights of tobacco history, from pre-15th C. to the present, nicely summarized.
There is a wealth of information on this website and it’s easy to become sidetracked. Before diving in, it might be a good idea to read the navigation guide, which explains what structure was used to amass the available information.
Science, Tobacco & You is based on the premise that science is a learning processes that involves looking, thinking, asking, and sharing. The organization of this Website utilizes this idea.
Teachers may also want to check out the National High Magnetic Laboratory resource section for teachers.
Is it true? We shall see. He’ll be needing lots of volunteers!
The latest from the UFO Phil website:
For Immediate Release
January 11, 2011
Colorado Springs, CO — A man who has gained notoriety by appearing on national radio shows like Coast to Coast AM with George Noory now says he wants to build a mountaintop version of Giza’s Great Pyramid. Phil Hill –better known as UFO Phil –claims ancient Egyptian pyramids actually served as massive stone “power stations”. Hill also says these monolithic generators were originally designed and built by alien beings.
On his website at http://www.ufophil.com and in a video posted on YouTube, Hill claims to be in possession of “secret blueprints and schematics” crafted centuries ago by humanoids from another galaxy. The blueprints allegedly reveal the formula for using an Egyptian pyramid to generate hydrogen gas, which can then be used to “power ships, vehicles and everything”.
In a 2010 interview on the popular nightly radio show Coast to Coast AM, Phil explained his plan to generate energy from atop Pikes Peak in Colorado. He also expressed his desire to “beam that energy to the entire world” free of charge. In January 2011, months after the original interview, UFO Phil revealed the power plant will generate hydrogen gas from a full-sized stone pyramid in the Rocky Mountains.
Hill has not given a firm timetable for the completion of his Pyramid. He says, “I’ve started on the foundation. But, I am waiting for the city to approve my permits.” Hill also admits the mayor of nearby Colorado Springs won’t return his phone calls.
UFO Phil is a published composer, documentary filmmaker and self-proclaimed “man of science”. For more information, visit the official website at http://www.ufophil.com.
UFO Phil can be reached at (719) 359-5836 or by email at email@example.com.
I know there have been some webmasters who use Joomla Virtuemart in Europe suddenly faced with clients or bosses requiring EAN barcodes displayed for every product.
The major barcoding systems are handled with Authenticated Merch software, including ISBN and its counterpart ISSN. Barcodes Deluxe can possibly assist point of sale systems as well. In some instances you may want to make the barcode the default tab if you know how.
The following barcodes are handled by the server and served individually with separate subscription accounts:
- You must have Apache or Linux for auto install, otherwise you will have to install manually. When finished add the barcode information into the products information. Barcodes are delivered securely via SSL to your new secure VirtueMart inventory system.
- Subscription to the unlimited barcode server is required for proper images to show up on your website. However, one free year is included with the purchase of all software at Authenticated Merch at the time of this writing.
- Depending on your needs (internal use / client visibility / point of sale) you may need to register your barcodes for each product listed in your inventory.
From the Authenticated Merch Forum:
If your client has products that need bar codes to be able to reach the retail market as required by law, shop around for a registrar.
It can get expensive as each color, size, etc of a product classifies it as a separate product and needs it’s own registered bar code.
A couple places like walmart (not many but large companies) require a GS1 bar code which is quite expensive.
For other retail outlets, a more simple less expensive version is available. I would suggest Barcodestalk.com, only because I have used them myself but you may use other providers as well.