Original Article written by Martin Trautz, Univ.-Prof. Dr.-Ing and Lorraine Lin, Ph.D., P.E.
These individuals formed the “critical mass” needed to extend the type of research conducted on the basics of structures, lightweight structures, structural detailing, and natural structures for which the Stuttgart School became famous.
“In Germany, the southern city of Stuttgart is a hot spot for engineering innovation. With a population of less than 600,000 inhabitants, Stuttgart is the home to internationally renowned companies, such as Daimler Benz, Bosch, and Porsche. However, not only premium cars and automotive products come from Stuttgart. The region is famous throughout Germany for the inventiveness of its people. It also gave birth to one of the most interesting modern movements in structural engineering and architecture, the “Stuttgarter Bauschule,” also known as the Stuttgart School of Building Design.
To a casual observer, a key feature of the Stuttgart School appears to be aesthetic and structural expression. However, hidden features which have made this possible include the high technical competence of engineers and architects, a high degree of integration of both disciplines starting at the university level, precision construction methods, and a desire to construct lightweight structures. The faculty at the local university has maintained close links with regional engineering offices; in fact, many of the key members of the Stuttgart School have been simultaneously university professors and partners in thriving engineering practices, which has allowed them both the resources to innovate new ideas and the actual projects to put them into practice. An important condition that facilitated the flourishing of structural innovation in Stuttgart has been the constellation of personalities associated with Stuttgart University.
Curt Siegel (1911-2004), professor of statics and structural design at the faculty of architecture between 1950 and 1970, widened the spectrum of that discipline by introducing a systematic classification of load-bearing structures as an additional topic of his lectures and as a new field of building sciences. Siegel called this new field, which joins together static analysis of structures and structural forms, “Tragwerklehre.” This can be translated as “teaching on structures” or the translation of statics and materials science into physical objects. In 1957, together with Fritz Leonhardt (see more below), who was then the chair of concrete structures at the faculty of civil engineering, Siegel organized design projects for students of architecture and structural engineering. Leonhardt recognized that Siegel’s approach to “teaching on structures” was instructive not only to architecture students but also structural engineering students, so he was instrumental in ensuring that it became part of the engineering curriculum, as well.
Around this time, Leonhardt and Siegel fostered the appointment of Frei Otto (see more below) as the chair of lightweight structures and the foundation of a connected institute that conducted research on related subjects, which later became famous as the “Institute for Lightweight Structures” (IL). Frei Otto is an architect with a deep understanding of all things related to structures, structural forms, and development of structures in nature as well as in engineering. He specialized in design of tents and cable-net structures, and had already established a research laboratory for lightweight structures in Berlin.”
I recently stumbled upon these cute crochet creatures called amigurumi.
They are usually crocheted, but sometimes knitted. Characterized by anthropomorphic animals and objects, these small creations fit into the palm of your hand. Amigurumi is a Japanese art and the word translates into English as “knitted stuffed toy”.
My favorite is the Ninja Bunny Minion.
Amigurumi grew in popularity in the early and mid-1990’s. Most have much more charm than even the best Beanie Babies.
Even if you don’t know how to crochet, I think by the end of the day most people that are half decent at making small things with their hands will be able to make a simple creature out of yarn and a few beads if they put their mind to it and have a little bit of patience.
The wafting of delicious meaty scents from every direction and the overwhelming repeated blasts of gunshots and fireworks accompanied by bright lights and excited voices is enough to send animals over the edge.
Imagine not having a clue what was going on during this Independence Day Weekend. What would you think of these unusual events?
What if you are an animal and your owners are not there to comfort you and keep you from harm? As is the case with some animals, try to understand the anxiety of not being able to protect your owners, or not knowing where they are, when there is certain mayhem knocking at the door.
Put yourself in their innocent position. Animals often get lost, hurt or killed when running from perceived danger or toward the confusing and undeniable scents of a neighborhood full of BBQs.
You can’t explain to them the reasons behind the activities, but you can think ahead and, at the very least, keep your pets from getting loose.
From the Human Society Website:
“Returning home from a holiday celebration, Sharon Moore and her family discovered feces on their living room floor.
The sliding glass door to their backyard was open, and a hole had been dug under their fence.
The Moores were gone for only four hours, but D.O.G., their 2-year-old, aptly-named white German Shepherd, was gone. Left on her own to face the tumult of fireworks and loud celebrations, she escaped, apparently to seek the familiar—her family—even if she had no idea where to look.
‘From what we can tell, when D.O.G. heard the fireworks she freaked out and pooped on the floor inside—for the first time ever—then she opened the sliding glass door with her paw, and dug a hole outside our fence…. She went searching for us,’ said Moore, of Maitland, Fla.
The Moores’ search for D.O.G. ended when she was found dead alongside a road where she was often walked.
Moore believes that D.O.G., who wasn’t normally scared of thunder or other loud noises, panicked from the cumulative effects of the fireworks, the excited voices outside, and being left alone inside the house.
The Moores’ tragic loss isn’t unique. Pets often become frightened and frantic by the noise and commotion of Independence Day. In fact, animal shelters across the country are accustomed to receiving “July 4th” dogs—dogs who run off during fireworks celebrations and are rescued by animal control officers or good Samaritans who take them to the safety of a local shelter.
Leave Them At Home
Fortunately, preventing pet problems on Independence Day is possible by simply planning ahead and taking some basic precautions.
‘With a little bit of planning and forethought, you can enjoy the excitement of the Fourth of July and know that your animal companion is safe, sound, and enjoying a little peace and quiet,’ said Nancy Peterson, an issues specialist with The Humane Society if the United States.
To protect your pet on the Fourth of July, take these precautions:
- Resist the urge to take your pet to fireworks displays.
- Do not leave your pet in the car. With only hot air to breathe inside a car, your pet can suffer serious health effects—even death—in a few short minutes. Partially opened windows do not provide sufficient air, but they do provide an opportunity for your pet to be stolen.
- Keep your pets indoors at home in a sheltered, quiet area. Some animals can become destructive when frightened, so be sure that you’ve removed any items that your pet could destroy or that would be harmful to your pet if chewed. Leave a television or radio playing at normal volume to keep him company while you’re attending Fourth of July picnics, parades, and other celebrations.
- If you know that your pet is seriously distressed by loud noises like thunder, consult with your veterinarian before July 4th for ways to help alleviate the fear and anxiety he or she will experience during fireworks displays.
- Never leave pets outside unattended, even in a fenced yard or on a chain. In their fear, pets who normally wouldn’t leave the yard may escape and become lost, or become entangled in their chain, risking injury or death.
- Make sure your pets are wearing identification tags so that if they do become lost, they can be returned promptly. Animals found running at-large should be taken to the local animal shelter, where they will have the best chance of being reunited with their owners.
- If you plan to go away for the holiday weekend, read our information on Caring for Pets When You Travel.
If you follow these simple precautions, you and your pet can have a safe and happy Fourth of July.
Updated June 23, 2009.”
Original article (retrieved July 2, 2010): http://www.hsus.org/pets/pet_care/summer_care_tips_for_you_and_your_pets/keep_your_pet_safe_on_july_4th.html
Original article written by Sherrie Hatfield
It is the supreme art of the teacher to awaken joy in creative expression and knowledge.
“I have had many teachers in my lifetime. While we may think of teachers and students in relation to school, I like to think of my parents as being my first teachers. We are all born with innate instincts that no one can teach us; we know to cry when we are hungry or in pain, to laugh when we feel joy, to turn over, crawl, walk, and run. What my parents did teach me was how to use my instincts to create my life, and they provided me a safe environment with which to do so.
When I began school, I found another type of teacher and became a different type of student. In the beginning, my schoolteachers made learning fun; they challenged and encouraged me, allowed me to explore what I was capable of, to push beyond my limitations. I loved my teachers and loved learning so much that my favorite game to play with my younger sisters was “school”. Of course, I was always the teacher!
I left school at the end of my 11th year; the joy of learning had been lost. I entered the workforce and found, in my colleagues, yet a new kind of teacher. Here, I was able to choose my teachers and my fields of interest; I felt as if I was free to learn once again. From these teachers, I learned how to apply my knowledge and skills, how to interact with and manage the people around me. While I could not name it at the time, those who I chose as my teachers not only had knowledge and information, they applied it in everyday life. They walked the walk and talked the talk and lived what they knew.
When I began my journey of self-discovery in order to enhance my personal relationships, understand family dynamics, and gain a greater sense of self, as well as become the best child care teacher I could, I met a teacher with whom I spent 15 years, first as a student and then as a teacher working alongside of her. With this teacher, I studied spiritual and personal development through meditation, opening to psychic and intuitive awareness, exploring diverse philosophies and esoteric beliefs, and engaging with my inner child. I was a full-time student of this teacher for two years before working side by side with her as a teacher. My dedication was so deep that I even lived on the same property with her for years.
During that time, I taught meditation and self-growth, and even taught child-care teachers internationally how to work more openly and effectively with children. I discovered the greatest reward in teaching was to witness the uniqueness, the potential, that lay dormant in each student and help them to give it life, not as the teacher or the world envisioned it should be, but as the student chose…”